Last Sunday afternoon, November 18, 2012, my friend Karla and I spent time at Coldwater Spring (also known as Camp Coldwater), a 29-acre site between Fort Snelling and Minnehaha Falls in south Minneapolis.
Coldwater is also of major significance in the history of the state of Minnesota, so much so that it's been referred to as the "birthplace of Minnesota." This is because in 1820 some of the first European occupiers established a settlement (Fort Snelling) close to the spring. Anthropologist Bruce M. White writes that the Camp Coldwater settlement is "a dream archaeological site," noting that "the birthplace of Minnesota [is] a rich, culturally diverse area in which Indian people, whites, fur traders, missionaries, soldiers and settlers came together to create the basis for the state as it is today."
rerouting of Highway 55. For more about this, see this gallery at my Faces of Resistance website (from which the image at right is taken).
On March 19, 1999, Eddie Benton Benais, Grand Chief of the Mdewiwin (Medicine) Society and Anishinabe spiritual elder from Lac Courte Oreilles, Wisconsin, gave court-ordered testimony about the cultural significance of the Coldwater area.
My grandfather who died in 1942 . . . many times he retold how we traveled, how he and his family, he as a small boy traveled by foot, by horse, by canoe to this great place to where there would be these great religious, spiritual events. And that they always camped between the falls and the sacred water place. . . . We know that the falls which came to be known as Minnehaha Falls, was a sacred place, a neutral place, a place for many nations to come. And that the spring from which the sacred water should be drawn was not very far . . . a spring that all nations used to draw the sacred water for the ceremony. . . . How we take care of the water is how it will take care of us.
Although efforts to stop the rerouting of Highway 55 were unsuccessful, the Minnesota Department of Transportation nevertheless made efforts, under pressure from the community, to protect the spring from the reroute construction. Yet in the years since, the organization Friends of Coldwater has expressed concern about the flow of the spring. On its website the group writes:
Less than half the 1998 flow is currently running into the reservoir, from about 130,000 gallons per day to 60,000. . . . [F]rom July 1998, before Highway 55 reroute construction, to October 2012 . . . there [has been] a continuing downward trend.
Above: Karla with one of her 'healing dolls' at Coldwater Spring – November 18, 2012.
Above: The eco-system of the area is one of bur oak savannah.
Above: Among giants!
Related Off-site Links:
Coldwater Spring Debuts With A New Look – Tom Meersman (Star Tribune, September 3, 2012).
Coldwater Spring: A Minnesota Historic Landmark – Joel Schettler (Minnesota Monthly, July 19, 2012).
Ransacked Minnesota Historic Site to Be Reborn as Park – Tom Meersman (Star Tribune, October 24, 2011).
Coldwater Spring Facts – Susu Jeffrey (FriendsOfColdwater.org).
A History of Camp Coldwater – PreserveCampColdwater.org.