Today marks the 50th anniversary of the start of the Six-Day War between Israel and its neighboring Arab states of Egypt (known at the time as the United Arab Republic), Jordan, and Syria.
Mehdi Hasan (right) has an article about this short but momentous event, the aftermath of which remains very much with us today, most tragically in the form of Israel's 50-year occupation of the Palestinian territories of East Jerusalem, the West Bank, the Gaza Strip and the Golan Heights.
Hasan's piece is helpful in outlining the aftermath of the war but his main argument that it was "based on a lie" can be readily refuted. One reader did just that within hours of my sharing of Hasan's article. Accordingly I've added a "Note" explaining how and why this is the case within the body of Hasan's piece reprinted in its entirety below.
A 50-Year Occupation:
Israel’s Six Day War Started With a Lie
By Mehdi Hasan
June 5, 2017
Israel’s Six Day War Started With a Lie
By Mehdi Hasan
June 5, 2017
Fifty years ago, between June 5 and June 10, 1967, Israel invaded and occupied East Jerusalem, the West Bank, the Gaza Strip and the Golan Heights. The Six Day War, as it would later be dubbed, saw the Jewish David inflict a humiliating defeat on the Arab Goliath, personified perhaps by Gamal Abdel Nasser’s Egypt.
“The existence of the Israeli state hung by a thread,” the country’s prime minister, Levi Eshkol, claimed two days after the war was over, “but the hopes of the Arab leaders to annihilate Israel were dashed.” Genocide, went the argument, had been prevented; another Holocaust of the Jews averted.
There is, however, a problem with this argument: it is complete fiction, a self-serving fantasy constructed after the event to justify a war of aggression and conquest. Don’t take my word for it: “The thesis according to which the danger of genocide hung over us in June 1967, and according to which Israel was fighting for her very physical survival, was nothing but a bluff which was born and bred after the war,” declared General Matituahu Peled, Chief of Logistical Command during the war and one of 12 members of Israel’s General Staff, in March 1972.
A year earlier, Mordechai Bentov, a member of the wartime government and one of 37 people to sign Israel’s Declaration of Independence, had made a similar admission. “This whole story about the threat of extermination was totally contrived, and then elaborated upon, a posteriori, to justify the annexation of new Arab territories,” he said in April 1971.
Even Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, former terrorist and darling of the Israeli far right, conceded in a speech in August 1982 that “in June 1967 we had a choice. The Egyptian army concentrations in the Sinai approaches did not prove that Nasser was really about to attack us, We must be honest with ourselves. We decided to attack him.”
[NOTE: As a visitor to The Wild Reed has observed, Mehdi Hasan ignores a number of statements from Arab leaders that refute his argument that the threat of Israel's extermination was "complete fiction" and that the war was thus "based on a lie." For example, in a speech to the General Council of the International Confederation of Arab Trade Unions on May 26, 1967, a week before the war, the president of Egypt, Gamal Abdel Nasser, declared: "Taking over Sharm el Sheikh meant confrontation with Israel [and] also meant that we were ready to enter a general war with Israel. The battle will be a general one and our basic objective will be to destroy Israel.” (For other similar quotes, click here.) Of course, given these kinds of statements one is left to wonder why the Israeli leaders that Hasan does quote all contend that the threat of extermination was "totally contrived" on their part. Thus they themselves appear to confirm Hasan's argument.]
The reverberations of that attack are still being felt in the Middle East today. Few modern conflicts have had as deep and long-lasting an impact as the Six Day War. As U.S. academic and activist Thomas Reifer has observed, it sounded the “death knell of pan-Arab nationalism, the rise of political Islam . . . a more independent Palestinian nationalism” and “Israel’s emergence as a U.S. strategic asset, with the United States sending billions of dollars . . . in a strategic partnership unequalled in world history.”
Above all else, the war, welcomed by the London Daily Telegraph in 1967 as “the triumph of the civilized,” forced another 300,000 Palestinians from their homes and ushered in a brutal military occupation for the million-odd Palestinians left behind.
The conflict itself may have lasted only six days but the occupation that followed is now entering its sixth decade – the longest military occupation in the world. Apologists for Israel often deny that it is an occupation and say the Occupied Territories are merely “disputed,” a disingenuous claim belied by Israel’s own Supreme Court which ruled in 2005 that the West Bank is “held by the State of Israel in belligerent occupation.”
Fifty long years of occupation; of dispossession and ethnic cleansing; of house demolitions and night curfews; of checkpoints, walls and permits.
Fifty years of bombings and blockades; of air raids and night raids; of “targeted killings” and “human shields”; of tortured Palestinian kids.
Fifty years of racial discrimination and ethnic prejudice; of a “separate but unequal” two-tier justice system for Palestinians and Israelis; of military courts and “administrative detention”.
Fifty years of humiliation and subjugation; of pregnant Palestinian women giving birth at checkpoints; of Palestinian cancer patients denied access to radiation therapy; of Palestinian footballers prevented from reaching their matches.
Fifty years of pointless negotiations and failed peace plans: Allon, Rogers, Fahd, Fez, Reagan, Madrid, Oslo, Wye River, Camp David, Taba, Red Sea, Annapolis. What did they deliver for the occupied Palestinians? Aside from settlements, settlements and more settlements? Consider: in 1992, a year before the Oslo peace process began, West Bank settlements covered 77 kilometers and housed 248,000 Israeli settlers. By 2016, those settlements covered 197 kilometers and the number of settlers living in them had more than tripled to 763,000.
These settlements have rendered the much-discussed “two-state solution” almost impossible. The occupied West Bank has been carved up into a series of bantustans, cut off from each other and the wider world. The settlers are not going anywhere, anytime soon. They are Israel’s “facts on the ground.” To ignore them is to ignore perhaps the biggest obstacle to ending the occupation. “It’s like you and I are negotiating over a piece of pizza,” the Palestinian-American lawyer and former adviser to the PLO, Michael Tarazi, explained in 2004. “How much of the pizza do I get? And how much do you get? And while we are negotiating it, you are eating it.”
Above: Gen. Moshe Dayan talks to reporters in Tel Aviv during his first news conference, June 3, 1967, after taking the post of Minister of Defense. (Photo: Associated Press)
It wasn’t just the 1967 war that was launched on a lie; so too was the occupation that began after it. It was never supposed to be temporary, nor were the Palestinians ever supposed to get their land back. If Israel had planned to withdraw from the Occupied Territories, as some of its supporters suggest, then why was the first settlement in the West Bank, Kfar Etzion, established less than four months after the Six Day War, in defiance of “top secret” advice from the Israeli Foreign Ministry’s legal adviser that “civilian settlement” in the Territories would contravene “the explicit provisions of the Fourth Geneva Convention”? Why has it revoked the residency rights of hundreds of thousands of Palestinians from Gaza and the West Bank over the past 50 years? Why has the Jewish state spent the past five decades exploiting the charade of a “peace process” to gobble up more Palestinian land and build more illegal settlements? The truth is that the Jewish state, from the very beginning, “used negotiations as a smokescreen to advance its colonial project,” to borrow a line from imprisoned Palestinian militant and activist Marwan Barghouti. Fifty years on, it is time for both the Palestinian leadership and the international community to stop pretending otherwise.
The legendary Israeli general and Defense Minister Moshe Dayan, who was one of the architects of Israel’s victory in 1967 and was adamant that the country should hold onto the territories it had seized, best summed up the cynical attitude of Israeli governments of both right and left over the past five decades. “The only peace negotiations,” pronounced Dayan, when asked about the possibility of a peace deal with the Palestinians in November 1970, “are those where we settle the land and we build, and we settle, and from time to time we go to war.”
– Mehdi Hasan
June 5, 2017
June 5, 2017
Related Off-site Links:
Six-Day War, 50-Year Occupation: What Really Happened in June 1967? – Norman G. Finkelstein (The Real News, June 4, 2017).
Seven Jewish Peace Activists Arrested in Disruptions of "Celebrate Israel" Parade Calling for Justice for Palestinians – Jewish Voice for Peace (June 4, 2017).
50 Years After the Six-Day War: How to Make Peace in the Holy Land – Sandy Tolan (TruthDig, June 4, 2017).
Infamy at Sea: Israel’s Attack on the USS Liberty 50 Years Later – Jeffrey St. Clair (CounterPunch, June 2, 2017).
Top Israelis Have Warned of Apartheid, So Why the Outrage at a UN Report? – Mehdi Hasan (The Intercept, March 22, 2017).
U.S. Poised to Warn U.N. Rights Forum of Possible Withdrawal Over “Anti-Israel Bias” – Stephanie Nebehay (Reuters, March 22, 2017).
UPDATES: LGBTQ Israelis Come Out Against Occupation and Homophobia – Yael Marom (+972, June 5, 2017).
Palestinian Children’s Lives Are Shaped by 50 Years of Military Occupation – Jennifer Bing (Foreign Policy in Focus, June 6, 2017).
On 50th Anniversary of Israeli Occupation, Palestinian Opinions Largely Ignored – Adam Johnson (FAIR, June 7, 2017).
See also the previous Wild Reed posts:
• Israeli Policy, Not Anti-Semitism, at the Root of Disruption at Creating Change 2016 Conference
• For Some Jews, Israel's Treatment of Palestinians is Yet Another Jewish Tragedy
• Quote of the Day – August 12, 2014
• Thoughts on Prayer in a "Summer of Strife"
• Something to Think About – July 18, 2014
• "We Will Come Together in Our Pain"
• In Search of a "Global Ethic"
Opening image: Associated Press.