"More than any other golden age comic creator, Lee’s characters put blackness and the black experience at the forefront."
Jason Johnson has a heartfelt and insightful appreciation of comic book writer, editor, and publisher Stan Lee, who died this past Monday at the age of 95. In his appreciation, Johnson explores how Lee, the creator of, among numerous other superheroes, Black Panther, "taught a generation of black nerds about race, art and activism." Following, with added images and links, is an excerpt.
Over the next 24 hours you’ll hear how Stan Lee is credited with creating Daredevil, Thor, Iron Man, Ant-Man, Dr. Strange, the Wasp, the Hulk, the Avengers, the Fantastic Four, Spider-Man and, of course, Black Panther. What you won’t hear as much is how he was screaming from the rafters about racism and discrimination while providing a curriculum for black kids like myself when public schools and all other forms of pop culture summarily shut us out.
Stan Lee didn’t just develop the modern superhero, he brought activist heroes and storylines to the mainstream when most other white publishers let alone newspapers were still playing footsie with Nazis, terrorists and bigots.
. . . Lee’s creations seamlessly integrated “blackness” into comics in a way that was revolutionary and organic all at the same time.
Peter Parker was a poor, white kid who was mentored by his black editor at the Daily Bugle newspaper, Robbie Robertson. Captain America’s best friend was the Falcon (played by Anthony Mackie in the movies [right and below]) who wore technologically advanced wings built by Black Panther (in the comics). Black Panther was the king of a super technologically advanced, never-conquered, African nation called Wakanda that introduced me to afro-futurism before I even knew what afro-futurism was. Stan Lee created all of those black characters, from kings to sidekicks; from father figures to managers.
It wasn’t until later in life, when I started studying and teaching about comics instead of just reading them, that I learned that none of this was a fluke. Stan Lee was an activist artist, a Jewish guy born to Romanian immigrant parents in New York who hated bigotry. He was explicit about it in his Stan’s Soapbox editorials that ran across all Marvel Comics. He called bigots “Low IQ Yo-Yos,” he said that anybody who generalized about blacks, women, Italians or whoever hadn’t truly evolved as a person.
He was doing this in comic pages when mainstream newspaper editorials were still deciding if black folks should be able to live where they wanted. When Marvel Comics were afraid that the Black Panther character would be associated with the Black Panther political movement, Stan Lee pushed for T’Challa to keep his name (at one point they wanted to call him Coal Tiger). All of this at a time when even having a black person in a comic was still considered controversial.
Lee would end most of his personal appearances and cameos with “Excelsior” — the Latin phrase that translates roughly as “higher.”
Thanks for all your help, Stan Lee. I hope you’re out there somewhere exploring the cosmos, swinging from the ceilings, knowing that you made the world a better place.
To read Jason Johnson's appreciation of Stan Lee in its entirety, click here.
Above: Chadwick Boseman as T'Challa/Black Panther in Ryan Coogler's film Black Panther (2018).
Above: Stan Lee and Chadwick Boseman at the premiere of Black Panther earlier this year.
Related Off-site Links:
Stan Lee, Marvel Comics' Real-Life Superhero, Dies at 95 – Mike Barnes (The Hollywood Reporter, November 12, 2018).
With Great Power Comes Great Uncertainty: Marvel’s Slowly Evolving Politics – Todd VanDerWerff (Vox, February 26, 2018).
The Top 10 Black Panther Comics – Johnnie Martinez II (Odyssey, February 17, 2018).
Marvel’s Earliest Gay Characters Introduced in Don McGregor’s Black Panther Comics – Taimur Dar (Comics Beat, February 12, 2018).
UPDATE: Five Times Chadwick Boseman's Black Panther Was Comics Accurate (and Five Times He Wasn't) – Trevon Gibbs (CBR.com, May 25, 2020).
See also the previous Wild Reed posts:
• The Important Cultural Moment That Is Black Panther
• Celebrating Black Panther – Then and Now
• "Avengers Assemble!"
• Season of the (Scarlet) Witch
• One Divine Hammer
• What the Vatican Can Learn from the X-Men
• The New Superman: Not Necessarily Gay, But Definitely Queer